No. of Decks
No. of Masts
Type of Vessel
Place of Closure
New York, Newfoundland & Halifax Steamship Co. Ltd
Florizel, a steamer vessel, was one of the first in the world
specifically designed to navigate in ice, it was built of steel, equipped
with submarine signaling equipment and wireless and was valued at $700,000.
It was used in the seal hunt for many years and during World War I it
transported the first 500 volunteers, the Blue Puttees of the Newfoundland
Regiment, to Europe but was primarily used as a passenger vessel.
February 23, 1918 the vessel headed out from St. Johnís for Halifax and New
York on a familiar route for it and its Captain, William Martin. There was a
bit of snow falling and a breeze of wind but nothing to be worried over. The
Captain was sure that they were now a safe distance out beyond Cape Race and
ordered the change in course towards Halifax, but he was not as far as he had
thought and when he had changed course he had in fact set his ships fate.
struck Horn Head Point and for the next twenty four hours
those passengers that were not washed overboard with the stormy sea smashing
over the vessel stayed on board and awaited rescue. The people of
Cappahayden watched aimlessly from shore as they tried to reach the vessel
in their small boats only to have them sunk and swept back into the shore.
Rescue vessels were sent out from St. Johnís as well but some conflicting
reports about there being no survivors caused their delay. 42 people
survived and 94 were lost.
Read about the tragic
end to one of the more well known passenger vessels of this province and
view pictures of her demise.